The adoption of smart city technology to manage traffic, water supplies, air pollution and other needs will see an upswing this year in U.S. cities, according to AT&T’s smart city executive and a market research analyst.

IBM and Cisco have been pitching the themes of a smarter planet and the internet of everything for more than five years. Now, city governments nationwide are pushing pilot projects of these efforts and seeking ways to raise revenues for tech deployments by issuing bonds and imposing sales taxes to pay for them.

“2016 was when a lot of cities and their leadership got active around wanting to become smarter, but 2017 is the year we’ll see cities move from the project phase to building out a holistic framework for smart technology,” said Mike Zeto, general manager of the AT&T Smart Cities business unit, in an interview.

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